Cavities are a condition in which the tooth is damaged which erodes the outside (enamel) to the inside of the tooth (dentin), forming a hole. Cavities are caused by the buildup of bacteria in the mouth, frequent consumption of sweet foods, and poor oral hygiene. Before that happens, you can treat your teeth with Steel Bite Pro supplements. Steel Bite Pro is a great supplement that can prevent dental and mouth problems.
Cavities are a common disorder, both in adults and children. Therefore, dental examinations need to be carried out regularly, because in general, cavities do not cause pain at the beginning so it is difficult to detect. It is better for pregnant women or children who experience cavities to consult a doctor immediately, because treatment and prevention can be different.
If cavities are not treated promptly, they will enlarge and lead to infection and tooth decay, and tooth loss.
Symptoms that appear in each person can be different, depending on the severity and location of the cavities in the teeth. When the hole is still small and just forming, symptoms may not appear or be felt. However, when the condition gets worse, the symptoms that will arise are:
- Toothache, especially when biting or when the teeth are pressed.
- Teeth become sensitive.
- Pain when consuming sweet, cold or hot foods or drinks.
- There are clearly visible holes in the teeth.
- Tooth pain that occurs spontaneously without an obvious cause.
- There are parts of the teeth that change color to white, brown, or black.
Causes of Cavities
Cavities are generally preceded by plaque in the mouth. Plaque comes from food waste that contains sugar, such as bread, cereal, milk, soft drinks, fruit, cakes, or candy, which is then converted by natural bacteria in the mouth to become acidic. The combination of bacteria, acids, food scraps in the mouth and saliva will form plaque that sticks to the teeth. The acid contained in plaque slowly erodes the layers of the teeth, forming holes in the teeth.
In addition, cavities can also be triggered by several other factors, such as:
- Do not use toothpaste containing fluoride. Fluoride is a compound commonly found in toothpaste, which functions to treat health and prevent tooth decay.
- Too much consumption of sweet or sour foods or drinks.
- Dry mouth.
- Suffer from eating disorders (eg anorexia or bulimia) and acid reflux disease.
- Increasing age.
- Regular use of medicines, supplements, vitamins, or herbal products that contain sugar.
- Rarely do you brush or clean your teeth.
The examination usually begins with a question and answer session, especially regarding the symptoms experienced by the patient. The dentist will then look at the condition of the mouth and teeth, then touch the teeth with special tools to check the soft areas due to tooth decay.
Dental x-rays can also be used to check the condition of the teeth. X-rays can show damage that has occurred in the teeth, even though the damage is not visible to the eye.
The treatment for cavities varies, depending on the severity of the condition experienced by each patient. Some medical measures that can be taken to treat cavities include:
- Filling. Tooth filling or filling is the most common procedure used to treat cavities. During the process, the doctor will first use a drill to remove the damaged tooth. Teeth that have been removed from the damaged parts are then filled with special materials, such as composite resin, porcelain, gold, or silver.
- Crowns or brackets are usually chosen to treat more severe damage or in patients who have weak teeth. A crown is the procedure of placing a denture crown over the damaged tooth. Most of the damaged tooth will be scrapped, leaving a small portion for the crown of the denture. Similar to the materials used for dental fillings, crowns can be made of gold, porcelain, or resin composites.
- Root canal. Root canal or root canal treatment is generally done when the damage has reached the inside of the tooth or the root of the tooth. This action is to repair existing damage without having to pull out the tooth.
- Tooth extraction. This action is usually performed when the damage is severe and irreversible. The installation of dentures or dental implants is a solution to fill the gaps in the extracted teeth.